Bilinguisme et Recensement 2021

canpumf!
Auteur

Simon Coulombe

Date de publication

1 juin 2024

Pourquoi est-ce qu’on est ici?

Ce tweet de Frédéric Lacroix hier qui s’énerve le poil des jambes sur le fait que plus de gens soient bilingues à Québec qu’avant me fait un peu sourire. Bien que la situation du français m’interpelle, je pense que ce n’est pas la bonne donnée à regarder et j’aurais plus paniqué si par exemple le pourcentage de “connait seulement l’anglais avait augmenté”. On travaille assez fort pour que nos gamisn apprennent l’anglais, ce serait con que ce pourcentage là ne monte pas.

Anyway, je me demande à quoi ça ressemble par langue maternelle. Est-ce que les “non francophones ne naissance” apprennent plus le français qu’il y a 25 ans? On va jouer un peu avec le package R {canpumf} par le toujours excellent Jens Von Bergmann qui rend les microdonnées publiques de Statcan facilement accessibles.

spoiler: le “anglais seulement” a baissé chez les langues maternelles “anglais seulement” et est resté stable chez les “allophones”. Si j’ai une surprise, c’est ça: je pensais que nos allophones auraient plus appris le français qu’il y a 25 ans.

Oui, je sais, c’est horrible que mes étiquettes de données soient en anglais. J’ai pas eu le temps de retravailler ça (et je n’ai pas l’intention), je fais ça gratis dans mes heures d’insomnies.

quebec entier

connaissances des langues

Québec entier - Évolution de la répartition des personnes connaissant les langues officielles
knowledge_of_official_languages pop_1996 pop_2001 pop_2006 pop_2011 pop_2016 pop_2021 pct_pop_1996 pct_pop_2001 pct_pop_2006 pct_pop_2011 pct_pop_2016 pct_pop_2021
Both English and French 2,649,636 2,892,051 3,015,798 3,317,595 3,568,101 3,881,736 37.6% 40.6% 40.6% 42.9% 44.8% 46.8%
English only 361,584 327,254 341,090 349,810 362,415 439,636 5.1% 4.6% 4.6% 4.5% 4.6% 5.3%
French only 3,959,280 3,845,430 4,009,731 3,998,237 3,959,001 3,903,522 56.2% 54.0% 53.9% 51.7% 49.7% 47.0%
Neither English nor French 74,556 60,548 68,366 72,845 69,120 77,472 1.1% 0.8% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9%

connaissance des langues selon la langue maternelle

Québec entier - Évolution de la répartition des personnes connaissant les langues officielles selon la langue maternelle ( sauf langue maternelle bilingue
mother_tongue knowledge_of_official_languages pop_1996 pop_2001 pop_2006 pop_2011 pop_2016 pop_2021 pct_pop_1996 pct_pop_2001 pct_pop_2006 pct_pop_2011 pct_pop_2016 pct_pop_2021
English only Both English and French 361,440 362,503 406,459 425,567 430,534 448,380 61.2% 65.6% 68.3% 69.4% 69.2% 66.4%
English only English only 222,300 185,999 185,454 183,167 187,171 221,596 37.7% 33.7% 31.2% 29.9% 30.1% 32.8%
English only French only 6,300 3,477 2,997 4,182 4,334 4,631 1.1% 0.6% 0.5% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7%
English only Neither English nor French 324 369 296 486 444 556 0.1% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
French only Both English and French 1,905,696 2,103,274 2,119,530 2,358,821 2,520,789 2,694,578 33.5% 36.5% 35.9% 38.6% 40.7% 42.7%
French only English only 1,656 2,107 1,517 2,318 2,111 2,297 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
French only French only 3,784,680 3,663,235 3,785,692 3,744,950 3,671,484 3,604,342 66.5% 63.5% 64.1% 61.3% 59.3% 57.2%
French only Neither English nor French 540 849 1,258 1,895 1,963 2,112 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Neither English nor French Both English and French 334,728 379,630 441,863 506,037 538,066 597,469 47.1% 50.4% 50.2% 51.2% 51.0% 50.9%
Neither English nor French English only 136,656 138,150 153,416 163,872 171,354 213,075 19.2% 18.3% 17.4% 16.6% 16.2% 18.2%
Neither English nor French French only 165,276 175,871 218,712 247,764 279,404 288,175 23.3% 23.4% 24.8% 25.1% 26.5% 24.6%
Neither English nor French Neither English nor French 73,620 59,329 66,664 70,465 66,564 74,730 10.4% 7.9% 7.6% 7.1% 6.3% 6.4%

RMR de Québec

connaissance des langues

RMR Québec - Évolution de la répartition des personnes connaissant les langues officielles
knowledge_of_official_languages pop_1996 pop_2001 pop_2006 pop_2011 pop_2016 pop_2021 pct_pop_1996 pct_pop_2001 pct_pop_2006 pct_pop_2011 pct_pop_2016 pct_pop_2021
Both English and French 197,496 222,244 231,845 272,556 304,222 346,270 29.7% 33.0% 33.0% 36.5% 39.3% 42.4%
English only 1,548 1,146 1,221 1,037 444 1,890 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2%
French only 463,752 449,084 468,610 472,708 468,909 467,238 69.9% 66.7% 66.7% 63.2% 60.5% 57.2%
Neither English nor French 1,080 517 1,295 1,180 1,482 1,667 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%

connaissance des langues selon la langue maternelle

RMR de Québec - Évolution de la répartition des personnes connaissant les langues officielles selon la langue maternelle ( sauf langue maternelle bilingue
mother_tongue knowledge_of_official_languages pop_1996 pop_2001 pop_2006 pop_2011 pop_2016 pop_2021 pct_pop_1996 pct_pop_2001 pct_pop_2006 pct_pop_2011 pct_pop_2016 pct_pop_2021
English only Both English and French 11,124 8,431 9,064 8,628 9,853 8,484 85.4% 90.1% 90.4% 88.1% 93.0% 85.8%
English only English only 1,080 702 629 551 333 852 8.3% 7.5% 6.3% 5.6% 3.1% 8.6%
English only French only 828 222 333 618 407 556 6.4% 2.4% 3.3% 6.3% 3.8% 5.6%
French only Both English and French 179,352 206,193 212,978 253,286 278,886 311,332 28.2% 31.8% 31.7% 35.4% 38.1% 41.0%
French only English only 108 37 74 NA NA 37 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% NA NA 0.0%
French only French only 457,668 441,871 458,511 461,558 452,981 447,268 71.8% 68.2% 68.3% 64.6% 61.9% 58.9%
French only Neither English nor French NA NA 37 32 222 148 NA NA 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Neither English nor French Both English and French 4,896 5,143 7,843 9,497 11,964 19,081 43.0% 40.7% 41.1% 44.2% 41.6% 47.1%
Neither English nor French English only 360 333 481 454 111 1,000 3.2% 2.6% 2.5% 2.1% 0.4% 2.5%
Neither English nor French French only 5,040 6,658 9,508 10,402 15,409 18,933 44.3% 52.6% 49.8% 48.4% 53.6% 46.7%
Neither English nor French Neither English nor French 1,080 517 1,258 1,148 1,259 1,519 9.5% 4.1% 6.6% 5.3% 4.4% 3.7%

Réutilisation

Citation

BibTeX
@online{coulombe2024,
  author = {Coulombe, Simon},
  title = {Bilinguisme et Recensement 2021},
  date = {2024-06-01},
  url = {https://www.simoncoulombe.com/posts/2024-06-01-bilinguisme-et-recensement-2021},
  langid = {fr}
}
Veuillez citer ce travail comme suit :
Coulombe, Simon. 2024. “Bilinguisme et Recensement 2021.” June 1, 2024. https://www.simoncoulombe.com/posts/2024-06-01-bilinguisme-et-recensement-2021.